Please Read This Flight Manual

Document conventions

Credits and acknowledgments

End User License Agreement (EULA)


Installing Draken

Installing in Flight Simulator X

Uninstalling Draken

First startup

Texture resolution

About the model

Interior model

Exterior model

Repaint kit

Flight dynamics

Limits and restrictions

Inverted flight


Normal operating procedures

Before starting the engine

Starting the engine

Taxi and takeoff




Final approach and landing

Emergency procedures


Hydraulic system failure

Engine fire

Superstall recovery


Cockpit layout overview

Flight data system

Backup altimeter

Backup attitude indicator

Backup airspeed indicator

AOA indicator

G-force indicator


Cabin pressure indicator

Warning and indicator lights

Warning lights panel

Master Warning Light

Gear Warning Light

Communication radios

Radio control panel ME3

Radio control panel ME1

Radio control panel ME2

PN-837/A SSR transponder

PN-79 IK transponder

Navigation systems

FLI 35 system

PN-594/A system

Manual tuning unit


Autopilot modes

Trim knobs

Override conditions

Radar and weapons

Radar system



Hydraulic system

Electrical system

Emergency Power Unit (EPU)

Fuel system


Landing gear

Stall warning system

Oxygen system

Features and special effects

Options panel




Drop tanks

Drag chute

Contrails and smoke

Chocks and covers

Pilot animations

About Saab 35 Draken



Export versions

Appendix 1: J 35J check lists

Appendix 3: FR28 Radio channels

Appendix 4: PN-594 Nav stations

Appendix 5: Technical data

Appendix 1: Cockpit glossary

Electrical panels and switches

Engine panel

Warning lights


Radar and weapons panels

Circuit breakers

Appendix 6: Prepar3D commands

Flight Manual: Bookmark J 35J Draken 5.12021-04-24

Navigation systems

FLI 35 system

PN-594/A system

Manual tuning unit

FLI 35 system

The FLI 35 system is a spatial data processing/presentation system comprising the main gyro, the attitude and horizontal situation indicators, and a waypoint navigation system.

FLI 35 processes data from the gyro, sensors and monitors, and presents information to the pilot. The system automatically compensates for magnetic deviation and gyro drift.

Ten waypoints can be programmed by entering predefined waypoint codes using a numerical keypad. The flight computer will calculate course, distance and estimated fuel consumption to the currently selected waypoint and present it on a LED display.

FLI 35 Control unit

MISSING GRAPHIC: ../graphics/51_flike.jpg

Fig. 50 -  FLI 35 Control Unit

The Control Unit is used to select the FLI 35 operation mode and to program waypoints. The display on the Indicator Unit can be dimmed with the LJUS knob.


Not used in 35J - Indicator Unit will show FEL (error).


Used to enter predicted winds. Not functional in this simulation.

Indicator Unit will show ----.


Programming mode - used when programming waypoints (see below).


Normal mode (default).


Backup mode - Indicator Unit is disabled.

The SYNK button and the FIX LED indicator are not functional in this simulation.

    Programming FLI 35 waypoints
  1. On the FLI 35 Control Unit, select IN B/LS to enter programming mode.

    The Indicator Unit will alternately display waypoint slot number and waypoint code.

  2. On the Indicator Unit, press B/LS repeatedly to select the desired waypoint slot (1 to 10).

  3. On the Control Unit, press CLR to clear the selected waypoint.

  4. Use the keypad to enter a waypoint code (e.g. 9010 for Ängelholm F10 AB).

    See Appendix 4: PN-594 Nav stations for a list of waypoint codes.

  5. Press ENT to store this waypoint in the current slot.

  6. Press B/LS to select the next slot and repeat steps 3–5 as needed.

  7. When finished, set the Mode Selector to NORM.

You can now use the keys on the Indicator Unit to cycle between waypoints and display the distance, bearing and predicted fuel consumption for each leg.

FLI 35 Indicator unit

MISSING GRAPHIC: ../graphics/51_fliie.jpg

Fig. 51 -  FLI 35 Indicator unit

B / LS

Press repeatedly to cycle through waypoints 1–10.


Calculated distance/bearing to the selected waypoint is shown alternatingly for 2 seconds.

Course is always shown with three digits (000–359).

VH / %

Estimated fuel consumption to the waypoint as a percentage of total fuel capacity (external tanks included).


Updates the selected waypoint with the current position.

The FIX key has no function in this version.

FLI 35 instruments

MISSING GRAPHIC: ../graphics/51_fli35.jpg

Fig. 52 -  FLI 35 main instruments

Attitude indicator

The FLI 35 attitude indicator is electrical and is connected to the main gyro via the FLI 35 flight computer. In case of a FLI 35 system failure there is a backup attitude indicator which is connected to a separate gyro.

Course/Heading indicator

The course/heading indicator is basically a HSI without VOR indication. The rotating scale shows the magnetic heading. The course indicator needle can be commanded by the flight computer or set manually with the course selector.

The course/heading indicator is powered by the AC bus. The scale and needle will freeze when AC power is off.

Course selector

The course selector is used to manually set the course needle on the course/heading indicator. It basically corresponds to the OBS setting in VOR navigation.

PN-594/A system

J 35J did not have civilian VOR/ILS. Instead, it relied on a query/response signalling system between the aircraft and military ground stations for long-range navigation and landing guidance. The aircraft queried the ground station, and the response signals were processed by an on-board computer that controlled the crossbars in the radar scope.

This system was called PN-594/A, and the navigation and landing systems were respectively nicknamed Anita and Barbro. Draken 5.1 includes a special scenery with TACAN and ILS navaids that simulate the Anita and Barbro stations.

MISSING GRAPHIC: ../graphics/anita_barbro.jpg

Fig. 53 -  Barbro and Anita scenery objects

The Anita station basically works as a long-range DME. The maximum range is 400 km (216  NM), although the actual range depends on altitude and terrain.

The Barbro station is located slightly offset from the runway. The approach path deviates from the centerline by a few degrees and intersects it at a point 800 m out from the touch-down point. The glide path is 2.86°. The maximum range of the Barbro station is 30 km (16  NM).

To fly an approach, set the desired Barbro station on the LANDN dial of the PN-594 unit and select LANDN40, then keep the vertical crossbar centered. You will be guided in an optimal turn to a point intersecting the centerline. To capture the signal you need to be within a 72° sector of the approach and within range of the Barbro station.

MISSING GRAPHIC: ../graphics/41_landn40.jpg

Fig. 54 -  Flying a LANDN 40 approach

PN-594 Control Panel

MISSING GRAPHIC: ../graphics/51_pn594.jpg

Fig. 55 -  PN-594 control panel

The NAV dials are used in combination to select the two-letter ANITA station code.

The LANDN dial selects the BARBRO station.

See Appendix 4: PN-594 Nav stations for a list of ANITA/BARBRO codes.

Mode DME scale Vertical FD bar Horiz FD bar











STRIL commanded course (here: FLI 35 waypoints)










NAV 400

400 km



NAV 40

40 km




40 km

BARBRO/LLZ intercept

BARBRO/ILS glide slope


40 km

BARBRO/LLZ deviation


Test button

To test the crossbars, select NAVRIKTN and push the TEST button on the PN-594 control panel. The vertical crossbar should now move to the center.

Flight director

MISSING GRAPHIC: ../graphics/51_crossbars.jpg

Fig. 56 -  Flight director crossbars

The horizontal bar is a glide slope indicator for Barbro stations in LANDN40 mode and for ILS in manual mode.

The vertical bar works like a standard LLZ indicator for Barbro stations in BARBRO mode and for VOR/ILS in manual mode. In LANDN40 mode it will guide you into an optimal turn until you are exactly on the localizer course.

The crossbar illumination brightness is controlled with the KORSVISARE dimmer on the weapons control panel.

In LANDN40 and BARBRO modes the distance indicator shows distance to the TDZ of the selected runway. In all other modes it shows distance to the DME transmitter.

Manual tuning unit

To enable standard VOR/ILS navigation in Prepar3D a fictional VHF tuning unit has been included here. This unit is similar to the Collins VHF radio tuners that were used in earlier versions of Draken and in some export versions. It was not present in the real J 35J.

MISSING GRAPHIC: ../graphics/51_vhfradio.jpg

Fig. 57 -  Navigation radio selector / manual tuning unit